Crankshafts, connecting rods, gears, spindles, couplings, bolts and other important parts.


Country Section Category
CIS, Russia, Ukraine Structural steel Alloyed structural steel

Chemical composition

Standard Fe, % Si, % Mn, % Cr, % Cu, % Ni, % P, % C, % S, %
GOST 4543-71 95.82–97.47 0.17–0.37 0.5–0.8 0.45–0.75 < 0.3 1–1.4 < 0.035 0.41–0.49 < 0.035

Information on suppliers

Physical characteristics

Temperature, °C $$\alpha\cdot 10^{6}$$, $$K^{-1}$$ $$\varkappa$$, $$\frac{W}{m\cdot K}$$ $$\rho$$, $$\frac{kg}{m^3}$$
20 7820
100 11.8 45
200 12.3 43
300 41
400 13.4 40

Mechanical properties at 20 °C

Rolling Standard Size, mm Tension Classifiers $$\sigma _{U}$$, $$MPa$$ $$\sigma_{P}$$, $$MPa$$ $$\epsilon_L$$, % $$\psi$$, % $$KCU\cdot 10^{3}$$, $$\frac{J}{m^2}$$ Treatment
Rod GOST 4543-71 25 1030 835 10 45 690 Hardening and tempering

Brinell hardness number

Rolling Standard Classifiers Value, HBW
Alloy GOST 4543-71 annealing 207

Technological Properties

Weldability Flake Susceptibility Propensity to temper brittleness
Difficult to weld sensitive inclined

Critical point temperatures

Ac1, K Ac3(Acm), K Mn, K
750 790 310




Standard Description
GOST 4543-71

Description of chemical elements

Element Units of measurement Description
Fe % Iron
Si % Silicon
Mn % Manganese
Cr % Chrome
Cu % Copper
Ni % Nickel
P % Phosphorus
C % Carbon
S % Sulfur

Description of physical characteristics

Parameter Units of measurement Description
$$\alpha\cdot 10^{6}$$ $$K^{-1}$$ Coefficient of thermal (linear) expansion (range 20°C–T)
$$\varkappa$$ $$\frac{W}{m\cdot K}$$ Coefficient of thermal conductivity (the heat capacity of the material)
$$\rho$$ $$\frac{kg}{m^3}$$ The density of the material

Description of mechanical properties

Parameter Units of measurement Description
$$\sigma _{U}$$ $$MPa$$ Ultimate tensile strength
$$\sigma_{P}$$ $$MPa$$ Proportionality limit
$$\epsilon_L$$ % Elongation at break (longitudinal)
$$\psi$$ % Reduction in cross section on fracture
$$KCU\cdot 10^{3}$$ $$\frac{J}{m^2}$$ Impact toughness

Designation of types of weldability

Parameter Units of measurement Description
no limits Welding is performed without heating and without subsequent heat treatment
Boundedly welded Welding is possible with heating up to 100–120 °C and subsequent heat treatment
Difficult to weld For obtaining quality welded joints, additional operations are required: heating up to 200–300 °C for welding, heat treatment after welding — annealing
Not applicable for welded structures

Description of temperatures of critical points

Parameter Units of measurement Description
Ac1 K
Ac3(Acm) K
Mn K